For beginners, learning acoustic guitar can be a task if they do not get proper guidance in due time. If you are wondering how to play acoustic guitar, you are at the right page. In this guide, we will offer you some simple steps to learn guitar at your own comfort. In this guide we will learn about some chords, strumming methods, notes & chords and a little bit about the anatomy of the guitar. Let’s start our session:
To effectively learn to play guitar, you must first learn about the anatomy of guitar and its various parts. There is no need to go into depth, in the beginning, just the essentials. So, here they go:
- The ‘Fretboard’:
This is the long, flat portion of the guitar where you place your fingers to play different notes and chords. Playing an acoustic guitar is easier than playing an electric one because there is no fear of application. All you need to worry about is your left and right-hand techniques.
- The Bridge:
This is the place where all the strings are held in one place. Small pegs are used to keep the strings fixed in an acoustic guitar.
- The Machine Heads:
This is the topmost part of the guitar where strings are tied to keys which can be turned to tune the strings. These strings are known as machine heads, technically, and can raise and lower the pitch.
Notes of the Guitar:
Knowing the notes of the guitar is just like learning the alphabet before you master the English language. In standard tuning, each note has a name and a number for easy recognition:
- The thickest string of the set is known as the 6th string or the lowest E string. It is the deepest note on an acoustic guitar.
- The 5th string is known as A string
- The 4th string is known as D string
- The 3rd string is known as G string
- The 2nd string is known as B string
- The 1st string is the thinnest of all and is known as E string. It is also known as high E string.
Chords on the Guitar:
Understanding chords are the second step to learn acoustic guitar. A chord is defined as a group of notes, played together at the same time. So, when you strum a group of notes, you are basically playing a chord.
4 easy beginners’ chords in an acoustic guitar:
G6 Chord: G6 chord is an easy chord to play. To play this chord you must:
- Put your second finger on the third fret of the low E string.
- Place your first finger on the fret of the A string
- Now strum all the 6 strings together.
C Major 7: Now, this is a cool chord and can be used as a substitute for any C Chord. It is equally easy to play. To play this chord you must:
- Place your second finger on the third fret of the A string.
- Place your first finger on the second fret of the D string.
- Strum from the A string.
E Minor Chord: This is a fundamental guitar chord. It is an easy to learn chord described in every Guitar Learning Guide in the world. It comes out as a full-bodied sound from an acoustic guitar. To play this chord you must:
- Place your first finger on the second fret of the A string.
- Place your second finger on the second fret of the D string.
- Strum all 6 strings.
The Dsus2 Chord: This chord is a well-used substitute for any D Chord. To play this chord you must:
- Place your first finger on the second fret of the G string.
- Place your third finger on the third fret of the B string.
- Strum from the D string. (Avoid strumming the 5th and 6th strings.)
Strumming the guitar:
In steps to learn guitar, Strumming is a critical step as it decides how your guitar will sound. For making ear-soothing music you must know how to strum an acoustic guitar expertly. You must develop a rhythmic strum which is equally strong. You can choose to strum with or without a pick.
Using a Pick:
It is easier to play guitar with a pick, especially when you are learning how to play acoustic guitar. Playing guitar with a pick can be weird but it boosts the speed of learning for sure.You can also strum with your fingers. However, you must limit using your thumb as it is a bad habit to develop which ultimately affects your progress.
How to hold a pick?
- Do a thumbs up sign
- Now place the pick on top of your index finger, with the pointy edge facing downwards.
- Now press your thumb down
This is the best way to hold the pick.
Strumming an acoustic guitar:
Now let us start learning the art of strumming, which is indeed the lifeline of playing guitar.
- Step 1: you need to learn how to strum form your elbow. Yes, 90 % of the strumming movement comes from your elbow and only 10% moment is required from the wrists.
- Step 2: You must keep your wrist straight and not bend invert or outward.
- Step 3: Now let go the free strokes on the strings as per the chord you wish to play.
Having a perfect guitar posture is super important. By all means, you must avoid:
- Sitting on a slumping down sofa
- Sitting on a chair with arms
- Perching on a high stool
- Sitting on a hard surface.
So, what is the ideal posture? The ideal guitar posture demands:
- Knees ina 90-degree angle
- Slightly angled towards you
- Arms free from any obstruction
So, this was an easy lesson on how to play guitar. Hope this helps you in your first interaction with your acoustic guitar.